The Effect of Resilience Training on the Condition of Style of Coping and Parental Stress in Mothers of Children with Leukemia

Authors

1 Department of Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

2 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

3 Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Abstract

Background
Diagnosis of cancer in children has an adverse effect on the family. Resilience refers to the ability of humans to adapt to diseases, the pain and suffering caused by parental stresses and stressful factors in the life. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of resilience training on the styles of coping status and parental stress of mothers whose children had leukemia.
Materials and Methods
At a case- control study, 60 mothers of children with leukemia were selected by available sampling method in Mohammad Kermanshahi Hospital in Kermanshah city, Iran. They were randomly assigned into two experimental groups (n=30), and control group (n=30). Connor-Davidson Resiliency Questionnaire, coping styles and parental stress form were used for data collection. The experimental group was trained nine sessions of resilience training weekly and the control group did not receive any training.
Results
The mean score of mothers' style of coping after the training intervention in the experimental were increased (101.93±31.42 versus 89.20+ 23.84), and this difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Also the mean of parental stress score after the training intervention in the experimental group were decreased (37.41±13.12 versus 54.23+ 21.09), and this difference was statistically significant (p<0.05).
Conclusion
The results of this study showed that mothers who were trained under resilience skills, had significant progress in increasing the style of coping and reducing parental stress in comparison with mothers in control group.

Keywords