Papillary Carcinoma Thyroid in a Nine-year-old Child: A Case Report

Authors

1 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Akbar Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran AND Medical Genetic Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Akbar Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran AND 3Medical Genetic Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 Department of Pediatric, Akbar Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract

      Thyroid enlargement and nodules are very rare in children, but when they occur, the chance of malignancy among these nodules is very high. Thyroid carcinoma is rare in childhood, but in the last two decades, its incidence has increased two-fold. A painless nodule in the neck is the most common presentation of the disease. Dysphagia, hoarseness, cervical lymphadenopathy, weight loss, and fatigue are other presentations.
Surgical resection is the primary therapy for thyroid cancer. Levothyroxine and Iodine-131 (I131) are usually used as adjunctive therapy. This article presents the case of a 9-year-old girl who referred to our center with the chief complaint of a neck mass. Her symptoms had begun 6 months earlier.

Keywords