Predictor Factors of Breastfeeding Attitude in Iranian Breastfeeding Mothers: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors

1 PhD Candidate of Reproductive Health, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 PhD Student of Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Professor, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Life style institute, faculty of nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Teheran, Iran.

5 Bachelor of Midwifery, Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Background: Breastfeeding is an ideal nutritional method that has many benefits for mothers, infants and the health system.Negative attitude toward breastfeeding is accompanied with unpleasant consequences. We aimed to determine the predictors of breastfeeding attitude in Iranian breastfeeding mothers.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study was conducted on 346 mothers in the first 24-48 hours after delivery in selected hospitals of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran. Convenience and continuous sampling method was used in this study. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS), Breastfeeding self-efficacy scale-shortform (BSES-SF(, and researcher made questioner for socio-demographic, obstetric and breastfeeding characteristics were used for data collection.
Results: The mean score of attitude was 45.90 ± 4.68 out of 11-55, which indicates a positive attitude toward breastfeeding. The results showed a significant relationship between mother age, breastfeeding self-efficacy score, mother’s employment status, planned pregnancy, selected feeding method for infant, and the breastfeeding duration of the previous child with breastfeeding attitude score (P<0.05). According to multiple linear regression model, maternal age (B=0.110, P=0.015), breastfeeding self-efficacy (B=0.102, P=0.001), maternal employment (B=1.286, P=0.021), and planned pregnancy (B=1.638, P=0.003) were predictors of breastfeeding attitude in mothers.
Conclusion: According to the results maternal age, breastfeeding self-efficacy, maternal employment and planned pregnancy were predictors of breastfeeding attitude in mothers. Hence, development of suitable educational programs tailored to the needs of mothers, during pregnancy and the postpartum periodand adequate support of mothers are essential to improve and enhance breastfeeding attitude and self-efficacy in breastfeeding mothers.

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