The Effect of Blended Instruction on Improving Knowledge and Practice of Parents of Children with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Authors

1 Student of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of Pediatric Nursing, Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

4 Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Abstract

Background: Due to the low knowledge and practice of parents in the therapeutic care of sick children and the importance of blended instruction in families, this research aimed to determine the effect of blended instruction on improving knowledge and practice of parents of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 42 parents of children with CKD participated, who were referred to the Nephrology Clinic of Abuzar Children's Hospital in Ahvaz, Iran. Parents were randomly divided into two groups of test (21 people) and control (21 people). First, both groups completed the demographic questionnaire, the knowledge questionnaire, and Family Assessment Device (FAD). Then, the test group learned educational content for 4 sessions of 90-minute. The control group did not receive educational content. Data were analyzed one month after educational intervention using SPSS version 22.
Results: There was no significant difference in the mean scores of parental knowledge (p = 0.38) and also in the mean scores of general family practice (p=0.75) between the two groups before the intervention, while after the intervention, there was an essential difference in the mean scores of the parental knowledge and general family practice between the two groups (p < 0.001). However, there was no important difference in the knowledge and practice domains before and after the intervention in the control group (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: Blended instruction can be used as an effective way to increase knowledge and practice in the training of patients with CKD and their families.

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