The Effect of Fennel on Infantile Colic: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Authors

1 Pediatrician, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Students Research Committee, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Abstract

Introduction
The colicky infants wildly present around 6–8 weeks postpartum then impromptu is relieved by 3–4 months. A few studies assessed the effect of fennel on colicky infants. Aim of systematic review and meta-analysis assessed whether fennel is effectiveness on Infantile Colic.
Material and methods
Two independent authors separately searched the articles on the national (Irandoc, Magiran, Medlib, SID, and Barakatkns) and the international databases (Medline [via PubMed], EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochran Central Register of Controlled Trials) without any time limitation since the inception to 1 August 2018. The keywords of the search: (colic) AND ( Foeniculum OR fennel OR Foeniculum vulgare) AND (Infant OR children OR Baby).
Results
Four studies conducted to assess the impact of the fennel on the infantile colic. A Foeniculum Vulgarein in combination with other herbal medicines were found to be more effectiveness than control group on crying time on infantile colic (Standardized Mean Difference(SMD)= O.708; 95% CI= -0.951 to -0.465; P

Keywords