Factors Affecting Students’ Cheating Behaviors in School and University: A Review in Iran

Authors

1 Semnan University of Medical Science, Semnan, Iran.

2 Faculty Member of Paramedical School, Ilam university of medical Science, Ilam, Iran.

3 Bahar Hospital, Shahroud University of Medical Science, Shahroud, Iran.

4 Pediatrician, Department of pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

5 Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.

6 Master of Operating Room, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, lran.

7 Department of Biostatistics, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

8 Students Research Committee, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

9 Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

10 Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Introduction: The education system and society has impose a huge cost caused by cheating. It is important to address the cheating since such persons doing cheating often transfer this inappropriate behavior into working environments after graduation. In the other hand, motivation to perform activities decrease in hones person. We aimed to investigate factors affecting students' cheating behaviors in school and university

Material and method: English electronic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library, were searched systematically until May 10, 2018 (Cheating OR Plagiarism or Dishonesty) AND (College OR student OR school OR exam OR University) AND (Iran OR Iranian).

Results: Finally nine studies were included in the review. Affecting factor on students' cheating behavior in school and university were grouped into four categories such as Personality factors, educational system factors, psychological factor and cultural, religious, and economic factors
Conclusion:
Considering affecting factors on students' cheating behavior, there is a need to adopt appropriate and preventive measures by researchers, faculty members, managers and policy makers to prevent this problem as much as possible.

Keywords