Investigation of Physical Factors Affecting the Wayfinding of Educational Spaces Children aged 7-12 years old in Rasht, North of Iran


1 Department of Architecture, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

2 Department of Architecture, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran.



Wayfinding involves behavior in order to navigate between the two points of origin and destination. In this process, finding the destination takes into the effects of different factors. The importance of this issue is very much; because facility of wayfinding is directly related to improving the efficiency of space, and its psychological effects on human life. This study focuses on the effective physical factors in the wayfinding of educational spaces for children aged 7 to 12 years old.
Materials and Methods
The research method has been applied qualitatively and quantitatively. The method of data collecting was done using sketch maps in January 2019. So that, from two primary schools in Rasht, which had a total of 299 primary students 168 sketch maps were collected from the students of different sections using the Cochran formula. It should be noted that for analysis of the research findings, MAXQDA 10 and SPSS 24 software were also used.
The findings of this research indicate that in the age group of 7 and 8 years old parks and playgrounds, in the age group of 9 and 10 years old green space, and in the age group of 11 and 12 years old, entrance signage and navigation boards, were the most important signs in the wayfinding of children into educational spaces.
Components such as scale changes, the use of cheerful colors, architectural distinctions, the use of textures that fit children's character for materials, such as hearts, stars, or animation characters, graphic and fantasy signs and symbols are suitable stimulant for wayfinding of children aged 7-12 years old into educational spaces.