Management of fever in children, based on Persian Medicine: a review study

Authors

1 Department of Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran

2 Infectious and Tropical Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran

3 School of traditional and Complementary Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Department of Infectious Disease, Loghman Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

6 Department of community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Background
To assess the information exist in Persian medical textbook for relieving pediatric fever and search their efficacies based on Conventional Medicine.
Material and methods
In this review study, data was extracted by searching in a recent reliable Persian Medical Encyclopedia, ‘Exir-e A’zam”, that is taught in Persian medicine’s schools, and it is the only reference that has pediatric fever chapter specifically. Then related information was searched and extracted from English (Medline, Embase and Web of Science, Scopus) and Persian (SID) online databases, based on both Persian and Conventional Medicine. Persian and Arabic keywords are “tab, homma, atfal, tebe-e sonnati, darman-e mokammel va jaygozin”; and English keywords are “fever, pyrexia, complementary and alternative treatment, children and Persian medicine”. Time of research was 2000-2019. The explanation was achieved based on findings.
Result
Based on Persian opinion, management of every disease had principles that called “health preservation management” (Tadbir-e-hefz al-sehheh) that was applied in addition to main treatment. Managements that were prescribed for pediatric fever include: evacuation and retention, sleep and wakefulness, manual interventions and nutritional orders. These methods have ingredients that were applied as oral or topical or in life style. In conventional medicine some physical modalities are used include: ice packs, cooling blankets and sponging. Some medicinal herbs are suggested for relieving fever, after finding reason of fever and doing main treatment.
Conclusion
According to this study, Persian medicine has several complementary and alternative methods that can reduce body temperature. Many of them can be effective based on recent articles and conventional medicine. Although further clinical studies are recommended for investigating their effectiveness.

Keywords