The effects of addiction on children and women: A qualitative study

Authors

1 Ph.D. Nursing Student, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran .

2 Associate professor, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Nursing Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

4 Assistant professor, psychiatric and Mental health Nursing Department, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

Background
Substance abuse is regarded as principle issues in the world which causes numerous devastating challenges for their family members. This study explores howfamily head addiction affects women and children life.
 Materials and Methods
This is a qualitative content analysis study that conducted in 2018 in Gorgan city.Using a qualitative study design and purposive sampling, 36 participants (11 children including 5 sons and 6 douthers who had substance-dependent fathers, 15 women whose husbands were involved in substance abuse, 10 Service and healthcare providers) were subjected to a semi structured, in-depth individual interview. A conventional content analysis approach using the Granheim's method was employed to analyze data.
 Results:
Results are divided into four main categories: (1) Psychologicaland physical disadvantages included three subcategories of family psychological breakdown, Family deprivation in term of emotional, physical health concern, 2) Social isolators consisted of three subcategories of disadvantaged social status, family violating norms, and addiction as a family phenomenon, 3) Disrupted family included three subcategories of decline in sex, Rule of doubt in the family and marital conflicts, and 4) Economic constraint consisted of the family deprivation financially and addiction in contrast to welfare.
 Conclusion
Given that children and women in these families have problems in various aspects, our results emphasize the importance of comprehensive interventions by therapists, healthcare providers, to maximize behavioral adaptation in children and women that live with head of Substance abuser.

Keywords