Evaluation of Non-Pharmacological Strategies, Therapeutic and Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions in the Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome: A Review Study

Authors

1 Kowsar Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Students Research Committee, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

3 Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

4 Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad university of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

5 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad university of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

6 Department of Emegency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

7 Emergency Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Science, Sabzevar, Iran.

8 MSc of Nutrition, Medicine Faculty, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

10.22038/ijp.2020.46333.3771

Abstract

Background
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the most common problems in women of childbearing age that often interferes with their work and social relationships. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies in the treatment of PMS.
Materials and Methods
Medline, Scopus, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar were searched along with SID, Magiran and Irandoc for randomized control trail and non-randomized prospective or retrospective clinical studies published to Dec. 2019 that use Pharmacological and Nonpharmacological treatment for the treatment of PMS in reproductive-age women with PMS. Study selection was done by two reviews.
Results
Findings of the present study revealed that pharmacological treatment of PMS include lithium and fluoxetine and non-pharmacological treatment include herbal remedies: ginger, fennel, chamomile, lavender, dietary supplements: omega-3 capsules, turmeric, citrus sinensis essential oil, carbohydrate-rich foods, soy, behavioral-psychological therapies, exercise activities such as walking and yoga, and minerals (vitamin E, B6, and calcium).
Conclusion
PMS treatment includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies. Considering its popularity and fewer complications, non-pharmacological drugs are suggested to improve the symptoms of PMS.

Keywords