The Effect of Dates and Fennel on Breast-Feeding Adequacy of Mothers: A Review

Authors

1 Pediatrician, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.

3 Urologist, Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 Anesthesiologist, Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

5 Student Research Committee, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.

6 Orthopedic Resident, Department of Orthopedic, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

7 Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

8 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.

9 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract

No systematic review study has been found comprehensively examining the effects of dates and fennel on breastfeeding adequacy of mothers. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of dates and fennel on breastfeeding adequacy of mothers.
Method
All clinical trials evaluating the effect of palm date and Fennel on brestfeeding in Lactating Mothers were searched on the online databases of Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane, Web of Science
Results
Five studies with a sample size of 512 subjects were included in this study. The results of the first research suggested the positive impact of consuming fennel herbal tea and dates in enhancing milk production by the mother within the early days following birth. In the second study, the mother satisfaction with adequacy of milk showed the positive effect of dates consumption. The results of the third research showed that 40% of mothers in the control group and 80% of mothers in the intervention group had a smoothness score regarding breastmilk. The higher smoothness percentage in the intervention group showed the positive impact of dates consumption on breastmilk. In the fourth study, a galactagogue drop containing fennel, Anise, dill, parsley, cumin, and fennel flower had no effect on the volume of breastmilk and weight development of the infant. The fifth the study showed the positive impact of the herbal tea of fenugreek seeds and fennel on improving the breast-feeding adequacy with positive changes in the anthropometric indicators, the number of wet diapers, the number of defecation, and increased number of breastmilk drinking.
Conclusion
usage of dates and fennel herbal tea by breast-feeding mothers is recommended for increasing the breastmilk.

Keywords