The Effect of Nutrition Consultation on level of Malnutrition and Growth Indices in Children with Cystic Fibrosis

Authors

1 Pediatric Gastroentrology, Hepatology and Nutrition Research Center, Research Institute for Children's Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Kashan University of Medical sciences, Kashan, Iran.

3 Student Research Committee. School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Pediatric Surgery Research Center, Research Institute for Children's Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

5 Student Research Committee, Epidemiology Department, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

6 Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Pediatric Gastroentrology, Hepatology and Nutrition Research Center, Research Institute for Children's Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem disorder that involves digestive and respiratory system. Malnutrition is one of common problems in children with CF. The best outcome for CF is dependent on early diagnosis and management of malnutrition. This study aimed to investigate the effect of nutritional consultation on type and severity of malnutrition in Children with CF.
This quasi-experimental before/after study was conducted on a single group of 80 children with cystic fibrosis. Participants were selected by purposive and convenience sampling technique. They filling out demographic questionnaire and assessment of growth indices. Then nutrition consultation was done and the growth indices were assessed. The T-test was used to compare quantitative variable.
The result shows the intervention was effective. So one (3.8%) of moderate malnourished child has improved to mild malnutrition and 5 (27.8%) of children under 5 years old have improved from severe to moderate malnutrition. Also, 1 (5.6%) of them has improved from severe to mild and 2 (15.4%) of children over 5 years old, has improved from severe to moderate malnutrition too.
According to our result we concluded that the intervention was effective in improving the severity of malnutrition and growth indices in Iranian children with CF.

Keywords