Effect of Fenugreek on Breastfeeding Adequacy in Breastfeeding Mothers: A Review Study

Authors

1 Instructor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Neonatal and Maternal Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 MSc of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University Of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran.

4 MSc of Nutrition, Medicine Faculty, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

5 Instructor, MSc of Midwifery, Khoy University of Medical Science, Iran.

6 Neuromusculoskeletal Research Center, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

7 Orthopedic Resident, Department of Orthopedic, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

8 Student Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Abstract

Introduction
Effective and appropriate exclusive breastfeeding interventions that are appropriate to the existing conditions can have a significant effect on the maintenance, continuity, and promotion of breastfeeding in breastfeeding mothers. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Fenugreek on the signs of breast milk sufficiency in lactating mothers.
Method: All clinical trials evaluating the effect of Fenugreek on breast milk sufficiency were searched on the electronic databases of Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane, Web of Science and Medline with no language or time restrictions up to end December 2019 using the combination related keywords of Mesh. Study selection was done by two reviews.
Results: The results of reviewing findings of nine eligible clinical trials pointed to the positive effect of fenugreek on breastmilk adequacy and increased breast milk supply markers in the experimental group as compared to the control group. Fenugreek had effect on breastfeeding adequacy by increasing neonatal weight gain, breastfeeding frequency, and fecal excretion frequency, number of wet diapers, increased breastmilk production, and increased maternal prolactin hormone levels.
Conclusion: According to the results of reviewing previous studies, we recommend the use of fenugreek to improve breastfeeding adequacy and promote neonatal growth considering its ease of access and positive effect on breastfeeding adequacy, lacking adverse effects for mother and

Keywords