Prevalence and associated factors on timely initiation of breastfeeding among mothers of children age less than 12 months in Wolaita Sodo City, Wolaita, Ethiopia


1 Department of Pediatrics and Neonatal Nursing, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Wolaita, Ethiopia .

2 school of public health , college of health sciences and medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia

3 School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia


Back ground:Timely initiation of breastfeeding is defined as placing the neonates to the breast within 1 h after delivery. In Ethiopia, different studies have been conducted to assess the magnitude of early initiation of breast feeding but findings of these studies were characterized by great variability. Therefore, the aim this study was to assess timely initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers of children less than 12 months old.
Methods: Community based cross-sectional study design was employed from January 1st to March 31 st 2019. Multi stage sampling procedure was used and data was collected by interviewer administered questionnaire. Both bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were and statistical significance was declared at P- value of less than 0.05.
Results: The mean age of mothers in this study was 25.97 (+5.5) and 93.7% were married. Prevalence of timely initiation of breast feeding was 80.2%. In multiple logistic regression analysis, being male (AOR: 3.39, 95% CI:  3.39(1.49, 7.71), living with nuclear family (AOR: 3.49, 95% CI: 1.09-11.12), spontaneous vaginal delivery (AOR: 4.67, 95% CI: 1.92-11.33) and counseling on timely initiation of breast feeding during ANC (AOR: 4.76, 95% CI: 2.06-10.98) were statistically associated.
Conclusion: Timely initiation of breastfeeding in Wolaita Sodo City was lower than nationally recommended level of 92%. Providing breastfeeding counseling during antenatal visits and at community level on timely initiation of breastfeedingand advising mothers to initiate breast milk with in 1 hour after caesarian sections were recommended.