Studying Separate Issues and Mental Health with Preference of Delivery Type in Women Referred to Qamar Bani Hashem Hospital, Khoy, Iran

Authors

1 Instructor, MSc of midwifery, Khoy University of Medical Science Iran.

2 Department of Medwifery, Ardabil University of Medical science, Ardabil,Iran

3 Instructor, MSc of midwifery, Zanjan University of Medical Science Iran.

4 PhD Student of Nursing, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

5 Department of Psychiatry Dr. Beheshti Hospital Zanjan University of Medical Science Zanjan, Iran.

10.22038/ijp.2020.49811.3978

Abstract

Background: Childbirth is a fundamental physical and emotional scramble. This study is an attempt to investigate the psychological factors related to the first delivery and its relationship with the preference of the type of subsequent deliveries in women.

Method: This study was a descriptive-analytical in which 380 pregnant mothers referred to Qamar Bani Hashem Hospital in Khoy, Iran, who were hospitalized due to childbirth were selected by simple random sampling. Participants were first asked about their preference for the next type of delivery. The Individual and Social Profile Questionnaire were then completed, and the next step was to complete the Edinburgh Depression Questionnaire, the overt and covert anxiety of Spielberger, and the Wake-Forest questionnaire in the interview method. All data were analyzed using SPSS software version 22.0.

Findings: There was no significant statistical relationship between psychological variables and preference for delivery. Age, spouse's education, income was among the predictors of preference for delivery, and these factors had a statistically significant relationship with physician confidence in participating women. Apart from income, there was a statistically significant relationship between other social factors and preferences of the type of delivery. There was also a statistically significant relationship between complications during childbirth and postpartum complications with a preference for the next type of delivery (P

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