Dental trauma among Iranian children and adolescents: A comprehensive study

Authors

1 Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Ilam University of Medical sciences, Ilam, Iran.

2 MSc Student of Community Health Nursing, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Science, Ilam, Iran.

4 Università degli Studi "La Sapienza" di Roma, Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Undergraduate, Italy.

5 MSc Pediatric Nursing, Ilam University of Medical Science, Ilam, Iran.

6 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, kermanshah University of Medical Science, kermanshah, Iran.

7 Department of Emergency Medicine Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

10.22038/ijp.2020.49893.3980

Abstract

Introduction:Various accidents threaten children and adolescents. One of these accidents is Traumatic dental injury (TDI). This study aimed to review systematically TDI in children and adolescents in Iran.
Methods: This study is a systematic review of the literature that has searched TDI articles from the April 2000 to 31 April2020. Search was conducted by the keywords Persian and English including Epidemiology, Prevalence, Traumatic Injuries, Dental Trauma, Traumatic dental injury, Etiology, Pediatric, Children, Adolescent, Iran, in English or their Persian equivalent using the "AND" & "OR" search strategy.Search was conducted at the domestic sites of Iran (SID), Iran Medex, Mag Iran, Iran Doc, as well as at international sites such as Scopus, PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science (ISI), Cinahl, ScienceDirect..
Results:  In this review, all the studies conducted in Persian and English language in the context of DT among Iranian children and adolescents were evaluated. Firstly, 189 studies were identified. Then 120 duplicates were omitted and after the assessment of titles and abstracts, 84 other articles were excluded. Finally, eight articles entered this systematic review. The sample size in 8 extracted articles was equal to 4567 children and adolescents.According to the findings, the prevalence ranged from 8.9% to 36.9%. The prevalence of dental trauma was also higher in boys and adolescents of the male sex. One of the most common causes of fall trauma as well as trauma occurred in environments such as home, school, playground and passages.
Conclusions: Given that most dental trauma occurs in boys; it is necessary to give this group the necessary training to reduce trauma.

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