Document Type: original article
Assistant Prof., Dept. of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
BSc student in Dept. of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Objective: The relationship between anthropometrical and physiological parameters with running time is important. We aimed to investigate relationship between anthropometrical and physiological parameters with running time of elite girls.
Methods: In this Cross-sectional study, subjects were selected from 197 elite runner girls 14-16 year, participated in the national championship of the country selection 2019 in Ardabil, Iran. All anthropometrical and physiological parameters (such as Length of limbs and strength) were measured with appropriate and reliable tools. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to examine the relationships between variables.
Results: There was a significant negative relationship between trunk flexibility (r=-0.448,P=0.022), left hand strength (r=-0.445,P=0.023) and left leg strength (r=-0.472,P=0.015) with 60m time; hip length (r=-0.504,P=0.010) with 400m time; between head circumference (r=-0.571,P=0.004), forearm length (r=-0.435, P=0.035) and static balance (r=-0.454,P=0.026) with 800m time; between arm length (r=-0.411,P=0.041), hip circumference (r=-0.487,P=0.014), leg length (r=-0.509,P=0.009), hand length (r=-0.595,P=0.002) and length jump (r=-0.482,P=0.015) with 1500m time; between wrist circumference (r=-0.439,P=0.041) with 3000m time; between arm length (r=-0.420,P=0.026) and leg length (r=-0.434,P=0.021) with 4×100m relay race time. Whereas there was a significant positive relationship between trunk circumference at hip (r=0.462,P=0.020) with 400m time; between length jump (r=0.408,P=0.048) with 800m time; between palm length (r=0.481,P=0.015) with 1500m (n=25) time; between dynamic balance (lateral) (r=0.455,P=0.033) with 3000m time; between trunk circumference at hip (r=0.394,P=0.038) with 4×100m relay race time.
Conclusion: Based on the results, there was a significant relationship between anthropometrical and physiological parameters with running time. So, it´s recommended that coaches pay attention to the results of this study to select and substitute of talented runners for gaining more success in reaching the peak of athletic performance.