The Effect of Parents’ Education on Dental Fissure Sealant Rate of Preschool Children Based on Theory of Planned Behavior

Authors

1 Master's student, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor,Social Determinants of Health Development,KurdistanUniversityof Medical Scince,Sanandaj,Iran.

3 Vice Chancellor for Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor of Health Education, Department of Public Health,Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

10.22038/ijp.2020.49398.3957

Abstract

Background: Fissuresealant therapy is one of the most effective methods for preventing dental caries.Its implementation is in the programs of World Health Organization(WHO).The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of parental education on fissure sealant in preschool children in Sanandaj, Iran.
 
Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted in Sanandaj, West of Iran in 2019. A total of 120 parents of preschool children were randomly selected and divided into control (n = 60) and intervention (n = 60) groups.Data were judged by a researcher-made questionnaire based on theory of planned behavior. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were confirmed.It consisted of two sections,including demographic information and theoretical constructs.The intervention group received 4 sessions of 45-60 minutes.The education was done through lecture and question and answer using pamphlets,brochures,and tooth manikin.Data were analyzed through SPSS version 20 software.
 
Results: The two intervention and control groups were homo‎genous ‎before ‎ the education, ‎intervention and control groups were similar in terms of mean scores of the planned ‎model,but after the educational intervention,the mean attitude score increased from‎‎ 3‎‏.‏‎09±0/47 ‎‏to ‎4/07±0/64‎,the subjective norm score increased from3.2±‎‏0.45 to ‎‎3.90±‎‏0.52,perceived behavioral control score increased from3.172±‎‏0.31‏‎ to 3.73±‎‏0.40‏‎,‎behavioral intention score increased from3.33±‎‏0.58‏‎ to 4.40±‎‏0.62‏‎,practice score ‎increased from0‏‎ to ‎‏19.41‏‎±0.6,and knowledge score increased from1.85±2.23 to 7.17 ‎‎±1.31and the difference was statistically significant (p <0.05).Also,changes in model ‎constructs and knowledge were statistically significant in intervention and control ‎groups (p <0.05).‎
 
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that with implementing ‏4 sessions of educational intervention based on planned behavioral ‎theory‎ on fissure sealant can be effective in increasing the rate of fissure sealant.

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