Effects of an Intervention in the Physical Education Class on Physical Activity and Well-Being of Primary School Students

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran.

2 MA in Sport Management, Department of Physical Education, Industrial University of Urmia, Iran.

3 Ph.D Student in Sport Management, Department of Physical Education, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran.

10.22038/ijp.2020.50740.4033

Abstract

Background: An importance issue for pediatric health is to understand how to enhance the level of physical activity of children and adolescents. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of a physical education-based intervention on promoting physical activity and well-being of primary school’s students of Urmia city, West Azerbaijan province, in 2019. 
Materials and Methods: The present causal-comparative field study was conducted on 300 primary school girls (mean age: 10.72±0.73 years) of Urmia city, West Azerbaijan province, Iran, in 2019. The participants were randomly and equally allocated into two groups including intervention and control groups. Participants of intervention group were exposed to a six months’ intervention and 2 sessions per weekbased on social cognitiveand social-ecological theories within the physical education classes, while those in control group followed their regular school tasks. Physical activity behavior and physical and psychological well-being were measured as dependent variables. Independent t test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were utilized to analyze the data.
Results:Age of participants in intervention and control group was not significantly different. Results of pretest showed that the participants of both group had similar physical activity behavior and well-being at baseline. However, in the posttest the participants in the intervention group reported higher physical activity level (F = 17.11, P < 0.001) and physical (F = 30.76, P < 0.001) and psychological (F = 36.03, P < 0.001) well-being in comparison to those in control group.
Conclusions:These results highlight the importance of developing physical education-based interventions for improving physical activity level and well-being of primary school-aged children.

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