Clinical Research Development Center, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Department of Pediatric, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3Department of Pediatric, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Breastfeeding is an important principle in pediatric health. It decreases their mortality and protect them fromm diseases in the first 6-month of life. This study aimed to determined Maternal Knowledge and practice in Mashhad City about Breast-feeding in first 6 -month of Infant's life.
Materials and Methods:
This Analytic study was conducted on 105 mothers who had a child between 6 to 12 months,and selected by the cluster sampling and simple random, completed the Knowledge and Practic questionnaire who was made by researchers. Information were analyzed by descriptive- analytical test (ANOWA,T-test,corelation) in spss software in version11.5.
This findings showed that 72/4% of infants have had exclusive until end of the first 6-month.
breast-feeding. Average of maternal knowledge about exclusive breast-feeding was 19/818+4/545 of total score 28 and average of maternal practice was 7/106+2/338 of total score 12. Status of growth infants at 4/8% was very good and in 42/9% was good. There was a significant relationship between maternal practice about Breast-feeding and fathers' education, number of children, status of growth (P<0.05(. There was a significant relationship between maternal knowledge about Breast-feeding and area who lived there (P<0.05) and also there was a direct and positive correlation between maternal knowledg and practice (P=0.000, r=0.212). There was a significant relationship and reverse between maternal practice and age of mothers (P = 0.007, r = -0.266).
Maternal Knowledge and practice about breast-feeding infants is moderate. Planning is essential to target groups to promote breastfeeding in the first 6- month of infant's life.
Keywords: Knowledge, Practice , Exclusive,Infant.