The Profile of Functional Emotional Development of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders from the Perspective of Developmental, Individual Differences(DIR), Relationship-based Approach

Authors

1 Ph.D Student of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Associatet Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Ibn-e-Sina Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Education, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract

Introduction:
The dominant approach in the etiology and treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a behavioral approach. Proponents of the behavioral model believe that children with autism in access to capabilities in achieving love, empathy, language and creative thinking, have significant fundamental defects.  Instead model-based development of individual differences relationship offers a new approach in the etiology and treatment of autism spectrum disorders. According to this approach, early signs of autism and the major differences between these children with normal children, is the difference in capability development , nor behavioral symptoms.
Methods and Materials:
This study was a descriptive survey. Our research society were Children 4 to 6 years with ASD at official training centers for autism in Mashhad-Iran and  among them 40 children with available sampling, were selected according to the study entry criteria. 40 normal children that were matched with autistic children in sample group were selected as a comparison group. Data were analyzed using of spss16 with descriptive statistics, ANOVA and  chi square test.
Results:
Autistic Children at the ability to regulate attention, attraction and interest in human relations;
exchange of desires, intentions and thoughts with others, shaping ideas and the ability to think logically, have a lower mean  and no significant difference was observed between the two groups (P<0.05).
Also, based on chi-square test, there was a significant relationship between the frequency observed in autistic children and normal children at the functional domains of emotional development (P<0.05).
Also,  57.5% of autistic children were seriously deficient  in the above capabilities and none of them were placed in the higher range; while 95% of normal children were in the range of moderate to high.
Conclusion: Autistic Children   in the early stages of  functional emotional development,   in comparison with normal children  had serious defects and the difference, increased a the higher levels of development. This can be verified the evolution of language development  and logical thinking  and knowledge of the subject,  can be effective in the early detection and treatment of this disorder.

Keywords


 

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