Factors Associated With Length of Stay and Hospital Charges among Pediatric Burn Injury in Kermanshah, West of Iran

Authors

1 Faculty of Public Health, Kermanshah university of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Health Management and Economic, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction
Althoughthere is a consensus that the economic burden of burn injury is high, but few studies have conducted about cost of burns injury among pediatric in developing countries. We explored the main factors influencing on hospital costs and length of stay (LOS) associated with pediatric burns injury in Kermanshah, Iran.
Methods and Material
We performed a review ofmedical records from 105 pediatric burn (16 years and younger) admitted to burn center at Imam Khomeini Hospital in Kermanshah, Iran. Univariate and logistic regressions were employed to identify the main factors affecting hospital costs and LOS associated with pediatric burn injury. Also, the data analysis was done by Stata statistical software.
 Results
The results showed theoverall mean hospital costs and LOS was 9,853,758 IRR and 7.5 days, respectively. Also, the LOS, gender and Burn Body Surface (BBS) were identified as the main independent predictor of costs and the cause of burn, BBS and age were the main factors affecting LOS.
Conclusion
This study highlights that the independent predictors affecting hospital costs and LOS associated with pediatric burn injury in Kermanshah. Also, our study indicates the BBS was the main factors affecting hospital costs and LOS for the study population. 

Keywords