Evaluation of Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis Symptoms in Kurdistan, a Western Province in Iran

Authors

1 Allergy and Immunology Department, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

2 School of Medicine, Kurdistan University of medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

3 Kurdistan University of Farhangian, Sanandaj, Iran

4 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

5 Department of Pediatrics of Beast Hospital, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

6 Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Tehran, Iran

7 Department of Disease Prevention of Health Deputy, Kurdistan University of medical Science Sanandaj, Iran

Abstract

Introduction
Allergic rhinitis, like other allergic diseases, is one of the most common disorders during childhood; this study was conducted to assess and compare the prevalence and severity of allergic rhinitis in children and adolescents living in Kurdistan province. The study was aimed to provide a ground for the identification of likely causes and risk factors of this disorder.
Materials and Methods
This study was a cross-sectional study. In order to collect data, 4,000 questionnaires were distributed to elementary schools and junior high schools and 3,890 questionnaires were completed; as a result, the survey response rate was 97%. The study was carried out based on International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): ISAAC questionnaire. After entering the data into SPSS version 13, they were analyzed using logistic regression and Chi- square test.
Results
Of a total 3,890 people, 29.7% of the subjects in this study reported a history of sneezing or runny nose in the past 12 months; it was reported more in boys in the age group 13-14 years and the difference between the sexes was significant [Odds ratio(OR)=1.35, Confidence interval (CI)]: 1.09-1.67, P < 0.01). Based on physician diagnosis, 9.37% of the subjects were overtaken by allergic rhinitis and it was more prevalent in boys at both educational levels and the difference was statistically significant in subjects aged 13-14 years old (OR=1.44 CI: 1.07-1.94, P <0.05).
Conclusion
The prevalence of the allergic rhinitis symptoms in children and adolescents living in Kurdistan province is relatively high and it is necessary to carry out extensive studies on its important risk factors.

Keywords