Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Primary School Students in Abadan-Iran in 2014

Authors

1 Nursing care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Chronic Diseases Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

4 MSc of Statistics and Epidemiology, Health School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Abstract

Background
If skeletal system does not have a correct form in childhood, certainly person will face many problems in the later stages of life. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of skeletal disorders in primary school students in Abadan, 2015.
Materials and Methods
 This cross-sectional study was conducted on 383 primary school students in Abadan, Iran, which were selected by cluster sampling method. Data was collected by checkerboard and a demographic questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software version 22 with descriptive methods and Chi-square test.
Results
The most common skeletal disorder in female and male students was drooping shoulders (81.7%) and scoliosis (85.4%). The overall prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was significantly related to gender and age (P<0.05).
Conclusion
Due to high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in schoolchildren, screening programs in schools has been recommended for prevention. To reduce the rate of musculoskeletal disorders in students of primary school, identification and follow up of students at early stages of disorders seems a necessary solution.

Keywords