Status of Perceived Social Support and Quality of Life among Hearing-Impaired Adolescents

Authors

1 Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 MSN, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 MSN, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Ibn-e-Sina Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

5 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Educational and Psychology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract

Background
Annual four to five thousand babies are born with hearing loss in the Iran. Hearing impairment is a disability that affects the quality of life of people with this problem. These individuals need to support from family and friends because of their specific conditions that this received support has impact on their quality of life. This study was conducted to assess the status of perceived social support and quality of life of hearing-impaired adolescent.
Material and Methods
A cross-correlation study was performed with cluster and multi stage random sampling method on 83 students with hearing impairment who met the inclusion criteria of the study in Mashhad. The data collection tools included Pediatric quality of life inventory (adolescent form) and perceived social support inventory (from family and friends).The data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed through SPSS software version 16.
Results
The results showed that the majority of the most of adolescents with hearing impairment were reported moderate total quality of life (%51.8). But the majority of them reported perceived social support from family was moderate (%61.5) and from friends was week (%45.8). Also there was a significant relationship between category of total quality of life of adolescent viewpoint with perceived social support from family (P=0.056).
Conclusion
Based on the obtained results, the majority of the most of adolescents with hearing impairment were reported moderate total quality of life. Disability and condition of these persons affects quality of life of them, so need for adequate support from family, friends and society. Nurses play an important role in identifying and introduce these needs and condition and how to deal with them.

Keywords