Investigating the Impact of Schools' Open Space on Learning and Educational Achievement of Elementary Students

Authors

1 Employed Expert on Faculty Appointments, Department of Education Development Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Staff, School of Dentistry, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences,Ahvaz, Iran.

3 MA in Educational Planning, Islamic Azad University of, Dezful Branch, Dezful. Iran.

Abstract

Background
It is obvious that most of informal learnings of social skills and constructive plays occur in school yards and play-fields where children spend much of their non-official time of teaching. This study aimed to investigate the impact of schools' open space on learning and educational achievement of elementary students in Ahvaz, Southwest of Iran.
Materials and Methods
At a cross-sectional study, 210 students were selected randomly as sample of study. Data collection tools included Hermance’s achievement motivation questionnaire and researcher-constructed questionnaire (observation checklist to examine the physical parameters of learning schools' open space) and interviews with students. Data of study were analyzed in SPSS- 21 software.
Results
Results of this study showed that schools' open space has a significant impact on learning and academic achievement of elementary school students in Ahvaz- Iran (P<0.05).
Conclusion
Due to the impact of environmental factors (including schools' open space) on learning of students, prepare a standard learning environments for students is a serious need.

Keywords