Assessment the Effect of Educational Intervention on Preventive Behaviors of Home Accidents in Mothers with Children Less than 5- Year Based on Protection Motivation Theory (PMT)

Authors

1 Professor, Department of Health Sciences and Health Education, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Prof., Department of Health Sciences and Health Education, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

4 Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

5 Department of Health Sciences and Health Education, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Background: The accidents are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children in in the world. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Educational intervention on promotion of prevention behaviors of home accidents in mothers with children less than 5- year based on protection motivation theory (PMT) in 2015.
Materials and Methods: In this controlled interventional study 190 mothers with children less than 5 years were participated (95 in intervention group and 95 in control group).The data collection tool was researcher made questionnaire based on the structures of PMT. After done pre-test and the results obtained from it, appropriate educational intervention designed and was conducted only in intervention group. Then two months after the educational intervention, evaluation was done and data analysis was using SPSS-20.
Results: Statistically significant difference was found between mean scores of all structures of PMT in intervention and control groups after the educational intervention (P<0.05). There  was  a  significant  difference  between  the  mean scores of all structures of  PMT  in  intervention group in before and after the educational intervention (P<0.05); whereas  no significant difference was seen between mean scores of all structures in control group in before and after the educational intervention (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that PMT can be used as a framework in designing educational programs in order to promotion of prevention behaviors of home accidents in mothers with children less than 5- year.

Keywords