The Effect of Simple Febrile Seizure on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children

Authors

1 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

2 Department of Pediatric Nephrology, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

3 School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

4 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Arak, Arak, Iran

5 Neurology and Neurosciences Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

6 School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Background
Febrile seizure is one of the most prevalent childhood convulsions. There are controversy about possible relation between febrile seizure and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The aim of this study was to find the effect of simple febrile seizure on ADHD in children.
Materials and Methods
In a case-control study all children of 3-12 years old with febrile seizure referring Amir-Kabir hospital, Arak-Iran. Among these children, 103 of them with no corporeal or psychiatric disorders were compared to 103 children of the same age and gender admitted due to disease other than febrile seizure utilizing DSM-IV criteria for ADHD. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16.
Results
This study shows that the hyperactivity disorder in the same order were 34.3% and 16.7%, respectively, which also denotes a significant relation between simple febrile seizure and hyperactivity(P<0.05). The frequency of consanguineous marriages was 26.2% in parents of children with simple febrile seizure, and 9.7% in the control group (P<0.05).
Conclusion
A significant relationship observed between FS with HI and CT of ADHD among children. In addition, hyperactivity has a significant relation with febrile seizure in male gender, making further investigation in these children prudent for early diagnosis and management.

Keywords