The Epidemiology of Injuries and Accidents in Children Under one Year of Age, during (2009-2016) in Hamadan Province, Iran

Authors

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

2 6. Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

3 MSc Student of Epidemiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences,Urmia, Iran.

4 Department of Health Services, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

5 Director of the Department diseases city of Boroujerd, and legal of Medical School

6 Instructor , Msc in Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan ,Iran

7 PhD student of Epidemiology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

8 PhD Candidate of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

9 PhD Candidate of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

Abstract

Background
Injuries and accidents are the first cause of death in the first 5 years of children life in the world; the present study was conducted to investigate the extent and distribution of accidents in the infants under one year in Hamadan Province, Iran.
Materials and Methods:This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was carried out using of   data of injuries and accidents related to children under one year for Hamadan province in seven years period from March 2009 to March 2016. In this study we used data according national injuries and accidents recorded program. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics as well as analytical statistics including the Chi-square test. Data were analyzed using Stata software version 12.
Results:In this 7 year periods, 3,200 accidents were registered among children under one year. The highest occurrence of accidents was in the spring 1,029 (31.15% of cases). 1,890 (59.1%) of accidents occurred in the urban area and only 429 (13.4%) of them were in rural area. In total, car accidents (53.4%), trauma (12.6%) and fall from altitude (8.8%) had most frequency from all accidents. There was a significant difference between gender and place of accident with type of accident (P <0.001).
Conclusion
Car accident, trauma and fall were most common types of accident among under one year children. Accident among children can be controlled by improvement in planning and design results in safer homes, leisure areas and motor vehicles as well as increasing the awareness of parents for the risk of accidents in a variety of settings.

Keywords