The Effect of Puberty Health Education based on Health Belief Model on Health Behaviors and Preventive among Teen Boys in Marivan, North West of Iran

Authors

1 MSc Student of Epidemiology, Student Research Committee, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

3 Department of Psychiatry, Medicine Faculty, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

4 Department of Clinical Psychology, Marivan, Iran.

5 Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Abstract

Background
Maturity and its related sexual and mental changes are one of the most important events in the life of every individual. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of puberty health education based on Health Belief Model on health behaviors and preventive among students boy first secondary school in Marivan city in 2015.
Materials and Methods
This research is an experimental intervention study that was conducted in 2015. The study participants were 64 male students of second year of first secondary school boys who were selected randomly with cluster sampling from two schools among 12 schools in first grade of high school in the Marivan city. Totally 32 students were selected randomly in the intervention group in the one of the schools and 32 students in the control group in the other school. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire developed by the researchers based on the health belief model. The validity and reliability of questionnaire was confirmed. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS version 17, Chi square, descriptive statistics and independent t-tests.
Results
Results showed significance differences after educational intervention in the mean scores of awareness, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, cues to action and performance in the intervention group (p<0.05), but there were no significant differences about perceived barriers.
Conclusion
The findings of this study emphasize and describe the efficiency of educational intervention based on health belief model in adopting the preventive and controlling behaviors in principles of maturity health describing the maturity.

Keywords