Human Development and related Components with Malnutrition in Children: a Global Ecological Study

Authors

1 Department of Health Education, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

2 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran

4 Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

5 School of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran.

6 BSc in Operating Room, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

7 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

8 Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

9 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Background: It is necessary to get information on nutrition situation in children and epidemiology of the malnutrition to use for planning and health policy making, therefore this study aimed to identify the role of human development on nutrition situation in children under-five years of old worldwide.
Methods: This ecological study was performed on the relation of the nutrition situation of children under 5 years of old and HDI. Data about the HDI and other indices were obtained from the UNDP database and Data about prevalence of wasting, stunting and overweight in children under 5 (%) were obtained from WHO. Correlation bivariate method were used to assessment of the correlation between the prevalence of nutrition status and the HDI.
Results: Globally mean prevalence of stunting, wasting and overweight were 23.4, 6.2 and 7.1 percent respectively. There was a negative significant correlation between prevalence of stunting and wasting with HDI, Life expectancy at birth, Mean year of schooling, Physician per population, maternal mortality rate (MMR) and Gross national income (P

Keywords