MSc Student Health Education, School of Public Health, Alborz University of Medical Science, Karaj, Iran.
Associate Professor of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Alborz University of Medical Science, Karaj, Iran.
Professor of Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistcs, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbit Modares University , Tehran, Iran
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
Background: Self-medication by people is one of the major issues in the world that can be lead to numerous medical and economic problems, this especially issue in children under 2 years who are at the age of growth and development have great importance. The aim of this study was investigate the effects of model-based educational interventions on self-medication behavior in mothers with children under 2 years of age who referred to the health centers of Firoozkooh city (Iran).
Materials and Methods: This study was quasi - experimental interventional study. The study population consisted of mothers with children under 2 years old referring to health centers of the Firoozkooh city, Iran. The data collection tool was researcher made questionnaire which its validity and reliability was assessed than was used. The required information was collected before and after the educational intervention. Then 4 months after the educational intervention, evaluation was done and data analysis was using SPSS-20.
Results: Significant difference was not found between mean scores of knowledge, perceived sensitivity, severity, benefits, barriers, self-efficacy with performance (self-medication) before the educational intervention (P>0.05). But after the educational intervention, statistically significant difference was found between mean scores of knowledge, perceived sensitivity, severity, benefits, barriers, and self-efficacy with performance (P<0.05).
It seems that Model-Based Educational Intervention may be promoted the knowledge and performance of mothers about self-medication in children. Notifying mothers in this filed through the mass media such as radio and television and health care personnel can be used to reduce the self-medication.