Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Parenting Style and Dimensions Questionnaire: Application for Children`s Health-related Behaviors


1 Professor, Department of Health Education & Promotion, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

2 Ph.D Candidate, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran.

4 Professor, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

5 Professor, Department of Nutrition, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

6 Assistant Professor, Counseling and Educational Psychology Department, Farhangian University, Bojnord, Iran.


Background: Parenting style is associated with children's health-related behaviors. One of the popularity and applicability assessment tools is Parenting Style and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) that the lack of Iranian version can be seen.This study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of Iranian version of PSDQ.
Materials and Methods: This study was done with randomized cluster sampling on 588 parents. Cronbach's α coefficient was used to determine the internal consistency and Pearson`s correlation coefficients was used for test-retest reliability and the construct validity. Conformity factor analysis was also applied to determine the construct validity.
Results: Cronbach's α coefficient for two authoritative and authoritarian styles with the highest estimated value were 0.86 and it was 0.41 for permissive style. The results of the correlation test in all three afore mentioned styles were significant. Correlation coefficients between authoritative style and its subscales were about 0.86 to 0.89 and between authoritarian style and its subscales were about 0.81 to 0.87. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that goodness-of-fit indices, including CMIN/DF,GFI, CFI, IFI and RMSEA, were 2.1, 0.91, 0.90, 0.90, and 0.04, respectively, which indicated a good the construct validity of instrument.
Conclusion: The PSDQ that has been translated into Persian obtained good reliability and validity. PSDQ questionnaire can be considered a useful tool in the assessments and interventions concerning parenting styles used in Iran.