Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the Pediatrics with Leukemia: A Narrative Review Study

Authors

1 Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 MSc of Physiology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, I.R Iran.

3 MSc of Health Information Technology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, I.R Iran.

4 Assistant Pnrofessor, Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Disease, Ahvaz Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Khuzestan, IR Iran.

5 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, I.R Iran

6 Abadan Faculty of Nursing, Abadan School of University Medical Science, Abadan, I.R Iran.

Abstract

Background
For using of complementary and alternative medicine methods (CAM) in the leukemia pediatrics than other types of cancer, we have two great challenges; first challenge is their safety and risks and second challenge is study gaps in this field. Regarding to these challenges, this study is a narrative review of some CAM methods in the leukemia pediatrics from the perspective of their safety, risks and study gaps.
Materials and Methods
In this narrative review study searched both international electronic databases including ISI Web of science, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, ISC, Embase, Scopus, Google Scholar and also, Iranian electronic databases including Magiran, Medlib and SID. Also, searches were performed separately in the specialized journals in the field of leukemia pediatrics and complementary and alternative medicine research.
Results
Music therapy, gentle yoga movements, gentle massage types are quite safe for leukemia pediatrics. But, use of heavy yoga movements, massages with deep pressure, acupressure and acupuncture can be dangerous for leukemia pediatrics (risks of bleeding and or infection). Also, this study showed that, the number of investigations about the use of CAM in the leukemia pediatrics is very limited; especially in the field of yoga and acupuncture.
Conclusion
The results of this study can be a basis both for chose of safe CAM method in these children and a basis for future studies on the basis of identified study gaps in this review study.

Keywords