The Relationship between Self-efficacy and Marital Satisfaction among Married Students

Authors

1 Lecturer, Faculty Member, Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

2 PhD Candidates in Crisis Management Field in Shakes Pajouh Institute Esfahan, Iran.

3 MSc, Faculty Member, Department of psychology, Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, Iran.

4 MSc, Instructure of Payame Noor University (PNU), Graduated in MA General Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran.

Abstract

Background
The present study was designed and conducted to determine the relationship between self-efficacy and marital satisfaction among married and single students.
Materials and Methods
The sample of this study consisted of 50 married students of Payame Noor University in IZEH city, South West of Iran; then simple random sampling method was used to select samples. To measure self-efficacy questionnaire Scherer and Enrich marital satisfaction questionnaire was used. Data were analyses using SPSS-20.
Results
The mean age of students were 23 + 0.739 years. In terms of demographic characteristics, 50% of the study population were women and 50% were men. Results showed thatthere was a significant negative correlation between self-efficacy and marital satisfaction of male students (r= - 0.55 and P=0.001), respectively. Also, there was a significant negative correlation between self-efficacy and marital satisfaction in married women students (r= -0.47 and P=0.001), respectively.
Conclusion
The root of many marital problems, including divorce, the factors they are directly or indirectly marital satisfaction. Therefore, considering these variables can be important to prevent disputes in married life and many negative consequences for physical and mental health will bring the couple and their children that can affect the beneficial aspects of married life.

Keywords