The Prevalence of Cigarette Smoking among Adolescents in Marivan city- Iran: Based on Health Belief Model

Authors

1 Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

2 2ocial Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

3 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

4 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Abstract

Background
Cigarette smoking is a common problem among teenagers. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Cigarette Smoking among Teen Boys in Marivan city, based on Health Belief Model.
Materials and Methods
A cluster randomized sample of 470 male students with16.2±2.5   from 6 secondary schools of Marivan city- Iran, completed a self-report and questionnaire consisting of Health Belief Model constructs Data was analyzed by Chi-square and independent t-test, using SPSS-16.
Results
The rate of smoking the cigarette among students was 21/470 (4.7%). The experience of smoking in the last 30 days and throughout life reported 6.4% and 34.7% respectively. Significant differences between smokers and nonsmokers were found for perceived benefits (P<0.05), perceived self-efficacy (P<0.05), and cues to action (P<0.05).
Conclusion
Based on results from the present study, increasing the perceived susceptibility could decrease smoking among students.

Keywords