Pregnancy Health Research Center, and School of Nursing and Midwifery, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
Children and Adolescent Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are the most common congenital anomaly in children and also the leading cause of mortality from congenital anomalies. Various factors including smoking, drinking alcohol and addiction play role in development of congenital heart diseases. This study was conducted with the aim of investigation of the prevalence of addiction in parents of children with congenital heart disease compared with healthy children.
Materials and Methods
This was a case-control study conducted on 320 children with congenital heart disease aged 6 months to 16 years and 320 healthy children as control group. Children referring to Ali Asghar hospital or who were hospitalized in Imam Ali Hospital were included in the study and their demographic characteristics and their parents were collected. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20.
Average age of diseased and healthy children was 4.08 ± 4.11 and 3.59 ± 2.36, respectively. The rate of addiction of father, mother and parents of children with congenital heart disease was higher than those of children in control group. The most common congenital heart disease was ventricular septal defect (VSD).
In overall, this study showed addiction rate of parents in children with congenital heart disease was higher.