Lingual Thyroid: A Case Report and Literature Review

Authors

1 Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Imam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Imam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran AND Medical Genetic Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract

Thyroid ectopia is a dysgenesis of thyroid gland and Lingual position represents the most frequent ectopic location accounting up to 90% of ectopic cases. Hypothyroidism is commonly present because of absence of a normal thyroid gland in most instances. Primary hypothyroidism in juvenile population generally leads to retardation of linear growth and delay or even arrested puberty. We present a 20 years old female with typical and profound presentation of hypothyroidism due to lingual thyroid.

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