Prevalence and Causes of Neonatal Mortality in Hormozgan Province, Southern Iran

Authors

1 Faculty Member of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 PhD of Reproductive Health, Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Abstract

Infant health care should be one of the first and most important tasks of every nation and one of the main programs of any government, because children, as a vulnerable group, have a special place in health services . Based on the findings, the number of live births in 2014 and 2015 was 39627 and 41575, respectively. The number of neonatal deaths in 2014 was 12.5%̧ while it was 10.5% in 2015. The most common causes of neonatal mortality in 2014 and 2015 were respectively premature birth defects, congenital anomalies, and respiratory infections, which were similar to previous years. it is necessary to identify the preventable factors in neonatal mortality and design the necessary interventions to reduce infant mortality.

Keywords