Persian version of Family Crisis Oriented Personal Evaluation Scales: Psychometric Properties

Authors

1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Students Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

3 PhD Associate Professor, Nursing Management Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Proteomics Research Center and Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

5 Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health (RCEDH), Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Abstract

Background
Family coping is an active process in which the family and each member of it use the available resources to decrease or control the demand. Using effective coping strategy, a family can react to stresses and adapt better to its situation. The purpose of this study was to examine psychometric properties of a Persian version of Family Crisis Oriented Personal Evaluation Scales (F-COPES) in a population of Iranian mothers with cerebral palsy children.
Materials and Methods
F-COPES was translated into Persian following Wild et al.’s model, face and content validities of the translated version were determined by 12 faculty board members in different nursing fields, psychology, and tool development. Afterward, to fill out the scale, 208 mothers with cerebral palsy children who had referred to Kermanshah based rehabilitation centers were selected through convenient sampling. Construct validity of the tool was determined by using confirmatory factor analysis. To examine internal consistency, Cronbach’s alpha and to examine reliability, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (15 participants with 2 weeks interval) was used. The collected data was analyzed in SPSS (version 16.0) and EQS6.1.
Results: Confirmatory factor analysis supported validity of the whole tool and its five subscales. Cronbach’s alpha of the whole tool was obtained alpha=0.84 and the alpha of the five subscales ranged from 0.76 to 0.94. In addition, ICC was obtained equal with 0.89.
Conclusion: The Persian version of F-COPES was featured with acceptable psychometric properties so that it can be used to survey family coping in Iranian mothers with cerebral palsy child.

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