1Department of Public Health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
Departement of Medicine, School of Medicine, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
Departement of Nursing, School of Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Nursing, Larestan School of Nursing, Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran.
MSc, Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.
Departments of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
Background: Considering the importance of learning health knowledge and the need to promote appropriate health attitudes, beliefs and behaviors regarding Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) among school-age people, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of an educational program based on Health Belief Model (HBM) about HIV/AIDS.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 100 male high school students in Fasa, Iran. A sample size of 100 was determined based on the examination of similar literature with 95% confidence interval and 80% test capability. The subjects were divided into two groups of 50 subjects. After administering a pre-test to both groups, only the experimental group was trained based on the HBM constructs on the HIV/AIDS preventive behaviors. Then intervention was followed by group discussion (10-person groups) in 8 sessions each 55-60 minutes. In order to collect information based on Health Belief Model, a questionnaire consisting of 41 questions in three sections was used. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0 software.
Results: Educational intervention based on Health Belief Model resulted in meaningful enhancement of the subjects’ knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived self-efficacy (P <0.05). Furthermore, the students’ perceived barriers about beliefs related to HIV/AIDS preventive behaviors decreased significantly (P <0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, educational intervention has increased the HIV/AIDS prevention behavior based on Health Belief Model. Therefore, the results of this study can be used in the theory-based intervention strategies to create and modify health behaviors.