Numerous studies have proposed reality therapy as one of the successful approaches in addressing self-efficacy, and types of identity. So, This study try to assess effectiveness ...
Numerous studies have proposed reality therapy as one of the successful approaches in addressing self-efficacy, and types of identity. So, This study try to assess effectiveness of Reality therapy on Self-efficacy and Identity Styles of Female Students
Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest design and a control group. The study population included all of the second year high school female students (458) in the second district of Tehran during the academic year 2018-19, out of which 30 individuals were selected by the use of purposeful sampling method. To collect data, Self-efficacy scale and Identity styles questionnaire were used, and then the participants were randomly assigned to the two control (n=15) and experimental (n=15) groups. The experimental group received reality therapy training for ten treatment sessions (90 minutes for each session). The data were analyzed using Multivariate covariance in SPSS-23.
Results: The Mean ± SD of the groups were as follows: reciprocal behavior, 16.93 ± 0.884; reality therapy, 16.87 ± 0.834 and the control group, 17±0.926. The findings showed that training in reality therapy was successful on self-efficacy (P < 0.05; 0.27; 2 =0.72) and sample group identity (P < 0.05; 2 = 0.059).
Psychological groups in reality therapy can be applied as an effective approach to increase self-efficacy and improve identity style and thus reduce behavioral and social damage.