The Effect of Lavender Oil for Relief Painful Producer in Children and Infants: A Systematic Review
1. The Effect of Lavender Oil for Relief Painful Producer in Children and Infants: A Systematic Review

Majid Sezavar; Reza Ahmadi; Hoda Shojaei; Mahdiye Jafari; Iman Hashemi; Ali Reza Attaei Nakhaie; Roozbeh Nasibeh; Shahrzad Zolala; Farzane Ashrafinia; Zahra Khojastehfard

Volume 8, Issue 4 , April 2020, , Pages 11177-11185

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2019.42915.3593

Abstract
  Background To manage the pain, one of the alternative methods entails the essential oils usage. Aim of this study is to give comprehensive information about the effect of lavender for ...  Read More
Pathology of Cyberspace: A Study of the Detrimental Effects of Mobile Phones on Students' Psychological Well-being
2. Pathology of Cyberspace: A Study of the Detrimental Effects of Mobile Phones on Students' Psychological Well-being

Marzieh Kaboudi; Manoj Sharma; Arash Ziapour; Fateme Dehghan; Parvin Abbasi

Volume 7, Issue 9 , September 2019, , Pages 10077-10085

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2019.39704.3381

Abstract
  Background In addition to their widespread applications in various fields, cellular phones have some inappropriate social consequences, including psychosocial addiction, degradation ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacology of the Antimalarial Artemisinin-Based Combination and other Artemisinins in Children
3. Clinical Pharmacology of the Antimalarial Artemisinin-Based Combination and other Artemisinins in Children

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 6, Issue 7 , July 2018, , Pages 7901-7928

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2018.31405.2776

Abstract
  In 2010, there were estimated 219 million cases of malaria resulting in 666,000 deaths and two-thirds were children. Children are more vulnerable than adults to malaria parasites. In ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacology of the Antimalarial Chloroquine in Children and Their Mothers
4. Clinical Pharmacology of the Antimalarial Chloroquine in Children and Their Mothers

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 6, Issue 6 , June 2018, , Pages 7733-7758

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2018.30912.2727

Abstract
  Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium knowlesi are the parasites that infect humans. Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax ...  Read More
Management of Typhoid Fever and Bacterial Meningitis by Chloramphenicol in Infants and Children
5. Management of Typhoid Fever and Bacterial Meningitis by Chloramphenicol in Infants and Children

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 6783-6808

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2017.28254.2447

Abstract
  Chloramphenicol inhibits protein synthesis in bacteria and is usually bacteriostatic but is bactericidal against Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Neisseria meningitis. ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacology of Ampicillin in Neonates and Infants: Effects and Pharmacokinetics
6. Clinical Pharmacology of Ampicillin in Neonates and Infants: Effects and Pharmacokinetics

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 5, Issue 12 , December 2017, , Pages 6383-6410

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2017.26942.2320

Abstract
  Ampicillin is a bactericidal antibiotic, it penetrates into the bacterial wall better than penicillin G and is active against gram-negative bacteria that are resistant to penicillin ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacology of Cefotaxime in Neonates and Infants: Effects and Pharmacokinetics
7. Clinical Pharmacology of Cefotaxime in Neonates and Infants: Effects and Pharmacokinetics

Gianmaria Pacifici; Giovanna Marchini

Volume 5, Issue 11 , November 2017, , Pages 6111-6138

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2017.26241.2244

Abstract
  Cefotaxime is a bactericidal "third generation" cephalosporin has a broad-spectrum activity against gram-positive microorganisms and exceptional activity against most gram-negative ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacology of Ciprofloxacin in Neonates: Effects and Pharmacokinetics
8. Clinical Pharmacology of Ciprofloxacin in Neonates: Effects and Pharmacokinetics

Gian Maria Pacifici; Giovanna Marchini

Volume 5, Issue 6 , June 2017, , Pages 5023-5041

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2017.23193.1952

Abstract
  Ciprofloxacin is the most commonly used fluoroquinolone. Ciprofloxacin is prescribed for 1 in 44 Americans. Ciprofloxacin is a broad-spectrum bactericidal antibiotic, effective against ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacology of Ceftazidime in Neonates: Effects and Pharmacokinetics
9. Clinical Pharmacology of Ceftazidime in Neonates: Effects and Pharmacokinetics

Gian Maria Pacifici; Giovanna Marchini

Volume 5, Issue 5 , May 2017, , Pages 4803-4819

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2017.22928.1920

Abstract
  Ceftazidime is a valuable third-generation bactericidal cephalosporin. Ceftazidime inhibits the biosynthesis of bacterial cell peptidoglycan, causing inhibition of bacterial growth ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacology of Cefepime in Infants and Children
10. Clinical Pharmacology of Cefepime in Infants and Children

Gian Maria Pacifici; Giovanna Marchini

Volume 5, Issue 4 , April 2017, , Pages 4723-4740

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2017.22763.1907

Abstract
  Cefepime is a fourth-generation cephalosporin which is approved in Europe and in the USA. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves cefepime in the treatment of febrile neutropenia. ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacokinetics of Gentamicin in Neonates
11. Clinical Pharmacokinetics of Gentamicin in Neonates

Gian Maria Pacifici; Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 5, Issue 3 , March 2017, , Pages 4575-4599

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2017.22354.1869

Abstract
  Gentamicin is a bactericidal aminoglycoside antibiotic, it inhibits the protein synthesis. Gentamicin is active against the majority of aerobic gram-negative bacilli such as Pseudomonas, ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacokinetics of Amikacin in Neonates
12. Clinical Pharmacokinetics of Amikacin in Neonates

Gian Maria Pacifici; Giovanna Marchini

Volume 5, Issue 2 , February 2017, , Pages 4407-4428

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2017.21706.1815

Abstract
  Amikacin is a bactericidal aminoglycoside. Aminoglycosides inhibit bacterial protein synthesis. The antibacterial spectrum of amikacin is the broadest of aminoglycosides. Because of ...  Read More
The Effects and Pharmacokinetics of Acyclovir in Neonates
13. The Effects and Pharmacokinetics of Acyclovir in Neonates

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 4, Issue 12 , December 2016, , Pages 4099-4115

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2016.8002

Abstract
      Acyclovir (9-[2-hydroxyethoxymethyl] guanine) is an acyclic nucleoside analogue of guanosine which is a potent and selective antiviral agent. Acycloviris converted to ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacology of Meropenem in Neonates: Effects and Pharmacokinetics
14. Clinical Pharmacology of Meropenem in Neonates: Effects and Pharmacokinetics

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 4, Issue 11 , November 2016, , Pages 3925-3939

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2016.7850

Abstract
       Meropenem, a carbapenem antibiotic, has a broad-spectrum activity and is active against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influencae, ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacology of Teicoplanin in Neonates: Effects and Pharmacokinetics
15. Clinical Pharmacology of Teicoplanin in Neonates: Effects and Pharmacokinetics

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 4, Issue 10 , October 2016, , Pages 3669-3684

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2016.7629

Abstract
  Teicoplanin is a glycoside antibiotic which consists of five closely related glycopeptide antibiotics with similar antibacterial properties to vancomycin that were first isolated in ...  Read More
Effects of Iron in Neonates and Young Infants: a Review
16. Effects of Iron in Neonates and Young Infants: a Review

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 4, Issue 7 , July 2016, , Pages 2256-2271

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2016.6991

Abstract
  Iron is essential to erythrocyte oxygen transport and is a catalyst for oxidative metabolism in all cells. Iron is absorbed by the duodenum and requires an acidic environment for optimal ...  Read More
Effects of Vitamin B12 in Neonates and Young Infants
17. Effects of Vitamin B12 in Neonates and Young Infants

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 4, Issue 6 , June 2016, , Pages 1867-1876

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2016.6791

Abstract
  Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is an essential coenzyme for nucleic acid synthesis. Animal protein is the major dietary source of vitamin B12. Deficiency of vitamin B12 leads to megaloblastic ...  Read More
Effects of Vitamin E in Neonates and Young Infants
18. Effects of Vitamin E in Neonates and Young Infants

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 4, Issue 5 , May 2016, , Pages 1745-1757

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2016.6736

Abstract
  Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) is a potent and natural antioxidant. Vitamin E is concentrated from soybean oil. The Committee on Fetus and Newborn of the Academy of the American of Pediatrics ...  Read More
Effects of Vitamins K in Neonates and Young Infants
19. Effects of Vitamins K in Neonates and Young Infants

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 4, Issue 4 , April 2016, , Pages 1611-1624

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2016.6609

Abstract
  Vitamin K is required for the hepatic production of blood coagulation factors II, VII, IX and X. The term vitamin K refers to a variety of fat-soluble 2-methyl-1, 4-naphthoquinone derivatives. ...  Read More
Clinical Pharmacology of Fluconazole in Neonates: Effects and Pharmacokinetics
20. Clinical Pharmacology of Fluconazole in Neonates: Effects and Pharmacokinetics

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 4, Issue 3 , March 2016, , Pages 1475-1489

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2016.6461

Abstract
  Fluconazole is commonly used both to prevent and to treat invasive neonatal Candida albicans infection. This drug is a potent, selective, triazole inhibitor of the fungal enzymes involved ...  Read More
Effects of Vitamin A in Neonates and Young Infants
21. Effects of Vitamin A in Neonates and Young Infants

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 4, Issue 2 , February 2016, , Pages 1339-1354

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2016.6445

Abstract
  Vitamin A is the generic name given to a group of fat-soluble compounds including retinol (the alcohol form), retinyl esters, retinaldehyde and retinol acid. Deficiency, first recognized ...  Read More
Effects of Vitamin D in Neonates and Young Infants
22. Effects of Vitamin D in Neonates and Young Infants

Gian Maria Pacifici

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 1273-1285

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2016.6325

Abstract
  Vitamin D is important for the development, growth, and mineralization of the skeletal in neonates and children. Vitamin D is essential for intestinal absorption of calcium. Vitamin ...  Read More