Guide for Authors

Instruction for Authors

All papers submitted will be blinded of authors' names and origins and subject to screening before being peer-reviewed by Editorial Board members. Authors are requested to ensure that they comply with the following instructions when submitting papers (online submission system).

*Cover letter: The cover letter should be emailed to the editor and indicated the reasons that the paper are suitable to be published in this journal and comprised the e-mail address, telephone and fax number of the author responsible for correspondence.

*Conflict of Interest & Copyright Transfer Form: Authors must state all possible conflicts of interest in the manuscript, including financial, consultant, institutional and other relationships that might lead to bias or a conflict of interest. If there is no conflict of interest, this should also be explicitly stated as none declared. In addition, copyright transfer form is to be completed by corresponding author submitting manuscripts to the International Journal of Pediatrics.  This form should be printed and signed by  the corresponding author and then emailed to the Editor. The corresponding author is responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the submitted information. Please submit both forms via the website.

 Format of Manuscripts:

1. Aims and scope: International Journal of Pediatrics is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies in all areas of pediatric research.

2. Submissions: The journal accepts submissions presented as an original article, short communication, case report, review article(solicited), or letter to the editor. Manuscript must be accompanied by a covering letter to the editor-in-chief, including title and author(s) name and undertaking that it has not been published or submitted elsewhere. All authors should review the submitted manuscript and the corresponding author should sign the covering letter on their behalf. In case the manuscript was earlier submitted to some other journals and was rejected, the authors must provide full information for proper analysis. Manuscripts submitted in English, must be type written, double-spaced on one side of the A-4 size paper with clear margins on both sides. Tables as well as illustrations should be typed and drawn on a separate paper. Authors are requested to reserve margins of at least 2 cm all around the paper. The figures should be sent in JPEG or GIF format which will produce high quality images in the online edition of the journal. 

3. The manuscript should include: Title page, Structured Abstract and Keywords, Text (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion), Acknowledgment and References.

4. Title pages: Title page must be submitted as part of manuscript. This should contain: article title (not to exceed 75 characters, including spaces); authors' names with full first name, their degrees and affiliations (dept., institution, city, state); institution where the work was done (indicate which author is in which department); a short running title of no more than 45 letters and spaces, with complete address (including e-mail address and postal codes) and telephone and fax numbers.

5. Structured Abstract and Keywords:

Abstract:All manuscripts must include a brief Abstract intelligible without reference to the main text. Formats and word limits for abstracts are summarized below according to the type of article submitted.

Research Article - structured abstract - 250 word limit

Short Communication - structured abstract - 150 word limit

Case Report - structured abstract - 150 word limit

Letter - unstructured - 100 word limit and

Review articles are limited to 5,000 words including abstract and references.

Regardless of the focus, all abstracts begin with a clearly defined purpose or objective and end with conclusions and implications for research and practice.

A structured abstract organizes information with descriptive headings that begin flush with the left margin. Incomplete sentences are acceptable in a structured abstract for the sake of brevity.

The structured abstract should be organized as Background, Method (no necessary for case reports), Findings (case presentation for case reports) and conclusion(s).

Keywords:3-7 key words or phases should be provided which should be selected from the body of the text and not duplicate title words. Key words should be provided below the Abstract to assist with indexing of the article.

6. Introduction: This should summarize the purpose and the rational for the study. It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the study.

7. Materials and Methods: This should include exact method or observation or experiment. If the method is established, give reference but if the method is new, give enough information so that another author is able to perform it. If a drug is used, its generic name, dose and route of administration must be given. For patients, age, sex with mean age ± standard deviation must be given. Statistical method must be mentioned and specify any general computer program used. The Info system used should be clearly mentioned.

8. Results: It must be presented in the form of text, tables and illustrations. The contents of the tables should not be all repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given.

9. Discussion: This should emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other works in the field of study. The detailed data should not be repeated again. 

10. Conclusion: Conclusions should be based on the results.

11. Acknowledgement: All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be covered. It should include persons who provided technical help, writing assistance and departmental head that only provided general support. Financial and material support and conflict of interests must be written in this section.

12. Tables: Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Each table should be presented on a separate page with a comprehensive but concise legend above the table. Tables should be double-spaced and vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations should be defined in footnotes. Use superscript letters (not numbers) for footnotes and keep footnotes to a minimum. *, †, ‡ should be reserved for P values. The table and its legend/footnotes should be understandable without reference to the text.

13. Figures: Only scientifically necessary illustrations should be included. All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Color photographs should be submitted as good quality. Authors have to bear the cost of color printing. Figures and other graphic material sent electronically: May be sent in any common file format, such as TIFF, GIF, JPG, or BMP) as long as quality and resolution are borne in mind.

14. References: Resources should be based on Vancouver style and enter the Endnote software.The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. For abbreviations of journal names, refer to list of journals indexed in Index Medicus.

Sample references are given below (according to Vancouver style):

Article: Author(s) name (more than 6 names use et al). Title of article. Abbreviation of title of journal Year; Volume (Issue): Page. Example:

Vakili R, Baradran – Heravi A, Barid – Fatehi B, Gholamin M, Ghaemi N, Abbaszadegan M.R. Molecular Analysis of the CYP21 Gene and Prenatal Diagnosis in Families with 21-Hydroxylas Deficiency in Northeastern Iran. Horm Res 2005; 63(3): 119 – 124. (Persian)

Chapter: Author(s) name. Chapter. In: Editor(s) name. Book. Edition. Place: Publisher; Year: Page.

Example: Goadsby PJ. Pathophsiology of headache.In: Silberstein SD, Lipton RB, Dalessio DJ, et al. Wolffs headache and other head pain. 7th ed. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press; 2001: 57 – 72.

Book: Author(s) name. Book. Edition. Place: Publisher; Year: Page. Example: Stillman RJ. Endometriosis. In: Scott RJ, Disaia PhJ, Hammond chB, et al. Danforth’s obstetrics & gynecology. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & willkins; 1999: 669-676.

Dissertation: Author(s) name. Title. Degree. Dissertation. Place: University, College, Year: Page. Example: Abdullahi S. [Study of epidemiologic aspects of otosclerosis in patients with otosclerosis in Ghaem Hospital since 1993 to 2003].  MD. Dissertation. Mashhad: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2003: 20-35. (Persian)

Electronic Article: Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis (derail online) 1995 Jan-Mar [cited 1996 Jun 5], 1(1): [24 screens]. Available from: URL;

15. Proof Reading: Final edited articles is sent to the corresponding author for proof reading before publication. Corrections should be marked clearly and sent immediately to the journal office.

16. Abbreviations and Symbols: Use only standard abbreviations. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text.

17. Ethics: All human and animal studies must have been approved by the authors’ Institutional Review Board. The relevant Eth­ics committee/institution review boards of the respec­tive institutions must approve the study.

18. Abbreviation and Units: SI units (metre, kilogram etc.). Statistics and measurements should always be given in figures; that is, 10 mm, except where the number begins the sentence. When the number does not refer to a unit measurement, it is spelt out, except where the number is greater than nine. Use only standard abbreviations. The word ‘Figure' should be shortened to Fig. unless starting a sentence.

19. Conflict of Interest: Authors should disclose at the time of submission any commercial affiliations or other interests that may influence the manuscript. These include patent-licensing agreements, stock ownership, and sources of funding for the study, corporate sponsorship, consultancies, and institutional affiliations.

20. Copyright: Copyright: Accepted manuscripts become the permanent property of the IJN and may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, without the written permission of the Editor.

21. Peer Review Process: All manuscripts are considered to be confidential. They are peer reviewed by at least 2 anonymous reviewers selected by the editorial board. The corresponding author is notified as soon as possible of the editor decision to accept, reject, or require modifications. If the manuscript is completely according to the instruction, it is scheduled for the next available issue.

22. Charges: If the article is accepted by the reviewers, the cost of editing and reviewing the article will be received from the authors.

 23. Disposal of Material: Once published, all copies of the manuscript, correspondence and artwork will be held for 1 year before disposal.

24. Short Papers: Including short case reports, imaging cases, letters to the editor, comments on the published articles, how you do a certain procedure, etc.

Original Article:

Original investigations are considered full-length applied (human) or basic (bench work) research reports. Original articles are limited to 3200 words including references.

Body of Manuscript should include Title Page, Structured Abstract, Introduction, Method and Material (including statistical methods used), Findings, Discussion, Limitation (if need), Conclusion, Acknowledgments, References, Illustrations (if applicable).

Case Reports:

Case Reports include case studies of patient(s) that describe a novel situation or add important insights into mechanisms, diagnosis or treatment of a disease. Case Reportsare limited to 1,500 words including references.

Body of Case Report Manuscript should include: Title Page, Structured Abstract, Introduction, Case presentation, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledg­ments, References, Photos (if applicable).

Letter to Editor:

Letter to Editorare timely and succinct expressions of responsible criticism or reaction to material published in recent issues. Letters to the editor may also call attention to topics of general interest to readers. Submission of a letter to the editor constitutes permission for the Iran J Pediatr to publish it with or without editing and abridgment. Authors of letters to the editor must acknowledge financial and other conflicts of interest within the letter. Letters related to articles published in Iran J Pediatr will receive top priority for publishing, and the authors of the articles will be given an opportunity to respond in a letter for simultaneous publication. Letters are limited to 800 words including references.

Short Communication

Short Communication are articles that satisfy all criteria for a Research Article including

1) report new, pilot tested research methods,

2) report on secondary or ancillary results from a larger study,

3) report results from a small or non-representative sample,

4) report on a topic that is considered low priority

but would be of interest to some readers of IJN. Short communication are limited to 1,500 words including abstract and references.

Review Article

Review Articleon selected topics should provided an up-to-dae and authoritive review of a topic in any area of Clinical Neonatology. These are generally invited by the editor, but authors may otherwise suggest writing a Review Article on an issue of interest. Review articles are limited to 5,000 words including abstract and references.

Photo Quiz

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other figure. Photo Quiz should include title, presenting the patient or clinical scenario, a question with one correct and three incorrect answers, discussion of correct answer, and short explanation of incorrect answers. Figures should be original images and presenting of references in discussion is mandatory. After acceptance and publishing of paper, this cases is used in journal website. Photo quiz articles are limited to 1,000 words including references.

 The Final Checklist 

The authors must ensure that before submitting the manuscript, they have taken care of the following:

1. Title Pages

2. Abstract

3. Manuscript

4. References

5. Tables, illustrations and figures with their captions

6. Cover letter including Copyright Transfer Agreement and Conflict of Interest Statement signed by all the authors
(Can be downloaded from journal’s site)

 Submitting the paper

Most journals now require electronic submission. For IJP, for example, papers are submitted through the

The review process

Scientific papers accepted for publication in scholarly journals are subject to peer review. For most journals this is an electronic process. Manuscripts are usually 4 reviewed by a minimum of two reviewers selected from a reviewer database according to specific expertise, the editorial board, PubMed and editorial choice. The reviewers are encouraged to complete the review within three weeks. The reviewers assess the paper’s suitability for publication against defined criteria. The reviewer is looking for a paper written with clarity in good English. It should be original and the conclusions supported by robust statistics and ethically sound data. The paper should present a coherent story. It is important that the paper fits the aims and scope of the journal. The journal’s Editor-in-Chief will make the final decision regarding publication, based upon the reviewer comments. Some consideration may be made to the article’s potential contribution to the impact factor and whether the paper is likely to be cited and downloaded. If the paper is not accepted for publication, a revision may be requested. It is important that authors review and respond to the recommendations made by the reviewers and the journal’s editor before resubmitting the article.

The publishing process

Acceptance to early view and print publication

After the editor has accepted a paper for publication, it is transferred electronically to the production office. Typically, the paper is copyedited and any minor errors in spelling and grammar are corrected. The paper is then typeset in the journal style and a proof of the paper is produced. The proofs are posted on a website for authors to access and make corrections. The publisher checks all corrected papers and then they are uploaded onto the websiteof the specific journal.

Online open

For IJP, the papers will be freely accessible to all non-subscribers.

 Section Policies

Submission does not guarantee publication. International Journal of Pediatrics reserves the right to make any changes necessary to accepted articles. The editor deserves the right to determine whether material submitted for publication shall be printed and reserves the right to edit as needed, for space, libelous statements, or personal unwarranted attacks. Opinions are those of the individual writer and not necessarily those of the editor or the executive board. Articles submitted for publication must deal with issues, not personalities. Articles should be type written, double spaced, using regular Times New Roman size 12 font. All articles submitted for publication are subject to editing. The editor shall be responsible for the editing of all material submitted to the International Journal of Pediatrics pertaining to libel, spelling, grammar, violation of laws and regulations, length, etc. At no time shall the editor alter the motive, intent or direction of an article. Should any conflict arise, all reasonable effort should be made to contact the writer.

Reserach article

Peer reviewed*


Open submissions*


Peer reviewed


Open submissions*

Review article

Peer reviewed*


Open submissions*


Peer reviewed*


Open submissions*

Brief report

Peer reviewed*


Open submissions*

Case report

Peer reviewed*


Open submissions*

Letter to the editor

Peer reviewed


Open submissions*


Peer reviewed


Open submissions*


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.


In order to comply with the ethical requirements, the following sentences should be included in a separate section of each article just before the reference list. The section should be called “Compliance with Ethics Guidelines”.

Proofs and Reprints

Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding

author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With

the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript

at the proof stage. Because the IJP will be published freely online to attract a wide audience),

authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in PDF) of the article. Authors can freely

download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.

 Reprint : There is no reprint.


Proofs will be sent via e-mail as an Acrobat PDF (Portable Document Format) file and should be returned within 5 days of receipt. Alterations to the text and figures (other than the essential correction of errors) are unacceptable at proof stage and authors may be charged for excessive alterations. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read the PDF. Authors should therefore supply an e-mail address to which proofs can be e-mailed.

Best regards

International  Journal of Pediatrics