1 Department of Law, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran.

2 Department of Law, Imam Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Law, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran.


"Killing men, shooting them, slaughtering children, raping women, burning and looting houses" these are only some human rights crimes that occur against Muslims in Myanmar but up to now, none of the international community has made a substantial contribution. In 2001, International Law Commission realized that the UN charter did not have much success in overcoming human rights violations, so a new concept for human law intervention called Responsibility to Protect (R2P) was invented. The central subject was "the idea that sovereign states have a responsibility to protect their own citizens from avoidable catastrophe- from mass murder and rape, from starvation- but, when they are unwilling or unable to do so, that responsibility must be borne by the broader community of states". Therefore, in its simplest and most widely accepted formulation, Responsibility to Protect (R2P) represents the responsibility of governments and the international community to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. According to a senior U.N. official, "Burmese authorities are carrying out a campaign of ethnic cleansing against the Muslim minority in Myanmar" which is one of the subjects covered by R2P. The purpose of writing the article is explaining the rules in International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, R2P, answering the question of how the international community can intervene in reducing the disaster occurring in Myanmar, and using Responsibility to Protect (R2P) in overcoming the tragedy of the killing of Muslims in Myanmar.