Background: The relationship between anthropometrical and physiological parameters with jumping and throwing distance is important. We aimed to investigate the relationship between anthropometrical and physiological parameters with jumping and throwing distance of young elite female jumpers and throwers for talent identification and performance predicting.
Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, subjects were selected from 122 elite girl runners, 14-16 years old, who participated in the 2019 national championship selection of the country in Ardabil, Iran. All anthropometrical and physiological parameters were measured with appropriate and reliable tools. Limbs’ circumference, trunk flexibility and dynamic balance were measured using a China rubber band meter. Limbs’ length was measured with China VERINER caliper. Subcutaneous fat and hands and legs strength were measured with Iran Pouya Caliper (Reliability 99.32% and validity 99.8 %),and the dynamometer (the Grip Dynamometr-Blue model (0-130 Kg), American model), respectively. Static balance was measured with timer (KhosRo1 / 100SECSW50). Pearson correlation coefficient was used to examine the relationships between variables.
Results: There was a significant negative relationship between hand action and reaction time (r=-0.545, P=0.009) with high jump distance (n=22). There was a significant negative relationship between palm width (r=-0.011, P=0.002) and hand action and reaction time (r=-0.458, P=0.028) with javelin throw distance (n=23). In contrast, there was no significant relationship between anthropometrical and physiological parameters with triple jump distance, weight throw, and discus throw.
Conclusion: Based on the results, there was a significant negative relationship between hand action and reaction time with high jump distance, between palm width and hand action and reaction time with javelin throw distance.