The Effectiveness of Strategic Solution Oriented Therapy on Fatigue and Quality Of Life among Mothers of Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

Authors

1 Ph.D. student of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Associate Professor of Psychology, Ahvaz Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

Abstract

Background: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) showed significant fatigue and loss in their quality of life. The study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the strategic solution oriented therapy on fatigue and quality of life among mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder.
Materials and Methods: This experimental study was performed among 28 mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder using purposeful sampling. The participants were divided in two groups, namely, experimental (n=14), and control (n=14) groups. The experimental group held 7 sessions of 1.5-hour while the control group was not offered any therapy from the second half of October until the second half of December 2019.   The questionnaire Fatigue (SPIN) and Life Quality (RCSQ) were completed before and after any type of (experimental and control) education. In addition to descriptive statistics, the study of variance estimation (MANOVA) was used to interpret the findings using the SPSS software version 25.
Results: In this study, the majority of mothers (32.1%) were between 25 and 30 years of age and the higher education degree of mothers (44.6%) was a diploma. The Mean and SD for mental fatigue (3.02±0.103), and quality of Life (2.03±0.127) in pre-test and post-test mental fatigue (1.10±0.699), and quality of Life (3.31±0.220) has been shown respectively (p <0.05).
Conclusion: The strategic solution-oriented counseling intervention for mothers with children with autism was administered in seven 90-minute sessions. As a result of this strategic solution-oriented intervention, mothers with children with autism experienced less emotional fatigue and had a higher quality of life.

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