Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


         Exposure to environmental risk factors are common events in pregnant women and it can affect several health outcomes adverse in the offspring. Many observational studies, systematic reviews and meta-analysis have documented the aforementioned association. This narrative review highlights the results of previous studies about different types of adverse health outcomes during infancy, childhood, adolescent and adults that are related to maternal exposure to leading environmental risk factors e.g. smoking, alcohol consumption, infection and air pollution. Also, the review outlines the potential biological plausibility of the association. Hope this review will help to highlights the bivariate association between maternal health during pregnancy and child health as well as further researches to ascertain the potential mechanisms.