Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of preoperative oral carbohydrate on the perioperative agitation in pediatrics with elective herniorrhaphy.
Materials and Methods
In this randomized clinical trial study, 120 pediatrics, 6 months to 10 years-old who underwent elective herniorrhaphy were admitted. Sixty pediatrics in the intervention group received 5 ml/kg of 20% dextrose solution manufactured by Samen Company as carbohydrate beverage exactly 2 hours before surgery and the control group (n=60) received distilled water. The perioperative agitation score was calculated as follows. Score 1: quiet, silent child, score 2: mild but agitated, score 3: medium aggression, and score 4: severe agitation measured before surgery, at recovery, 5, 15 and 30 minutes after intervention. Also, the incidence of nausea and vomiting was recorded in each group.
Of the 60 pediatrics in the intervention group, 54 patients were quiet and silent at the time of entry into the operating room, and 6 patients had mild agitation; in the control group, 7 patients were quiet and silent, 41 patients were mild but agitated, and 12 were moderate. There was a significant difference in agitation between the two groups (P = 0.001). Five minutes after surgery, 54 patients scored 1, 6 patients scored 2 in the control group, 27 patients scored 1 and 33 patients scored 2. There was a significant difference between agitations of children 5 minutes after intervention in the two groups.
Five ml/kg of 20% dextrose solution as carbohydrate beverage exactly 2 hours before anesthesia may lead to parental satisfaction and improvement in positive behavior of pediatrics at anesthesia induction and wake up from anesthesia.