Document Type : original article
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Architecture Engineering and Urban Design, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Master of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture Engineering and Urban Design, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.
Learning is a multi-directional process involving many factors, such as teachers, students, characteristics of the learning environment, to attain desired objectives. This study aimed to investigate the color preference of the educational space by teachers and students and its effect on the attitude and learning productivity in primary school students.
Materials and Methods: The research method was a combination of documentary and library studies along with survey research. After the classification of data obtained by the library research, the images of 60 cases were presented to 31 experts, and 15 cases were finally selected and distributed among 212 subjects in Noorabad Delfan, Iran. The samples were selected among 10 classes using the un-purposeful non-probability sampling. The teachers and students answered a researcher-made questionnaire.
Results: There were 106 (50%) male students in this study. Blue and green colors had the highest priority among male and female teachers. Results showed that the preference for red decreased while that for green increased with age.The results of examining the opinions of experts and audiences showed that the color of the classroom also affected the physical and mental health of users of that space, in addition to being a factor of vitality.
The findings indicate that the color priority of the educational space was different in teachers and students, as well as by their gender. Given that the space color affects the mood of the users and the productivity of learning, this issue should be considered besides the connection between indoor and outdoor spaces and the use of educational spaces with a color spectrum that conforms to the users' desires and needs.